Common mental health challenges that arise in new parents include postpartum depression, anxiety, and adjustment disorders. The challenges can be triggered by hormonal fluctuations, lack of sleep, and the overwhelming responsibility of caring for a newborn. Postpartum depression can manifest as persistent sadness, loss of interest, and feelings of worthlessness. Anxiety often involves excessive worrying about the baby's health or constant fear of making mistakes. Adjustment disorders may result in irritability, difficulty bonding, and feelings of isolation. Recognizing and addressing these challenges is crucial, as early intervention and support can greatly help parents navigate this transitional period.